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Welcome to the EAT-SET site. EAT-SET : Emergency Auto Transfusion Set. Main features include:Rapid recovery of blood from internal haemorrhage. Simple to use. It can be totally manually operated.Closed system, No risk of infection transmission.Cost effective; Main container can be reused after sterilization. Only filters and tubing lines are discarded after use.
  

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EATSET: EMERGENCY AUTO TRANSFUSION SET

  Workshop Demo
  Blood Salvage
  Seminar Lecturers


Autotransfusion is an established technique for the collection and subsequent reinfusion of the patient's own blood. It not only prevents transmission of diseases but also avoids immunological complications of homologous transfusion. Autotransfusion permits greater flexibility in the use of blood bank supply.

ADVANTAGES OF AUTOTRANSFUSION
Rapid availability of blood. Does not require any blood storage facilities.
No risk of disease transmission.
No incompatibility of product transfused.
No risk of alloimmunization.
Conserves Blood Banks supply.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
EATSET is a system for recovering blood from internal bleeding. Its primary application is for patients with internal haemorrhage. Such blood can be safely reinfused if processed within the first 24 hours after haemorrhage. Blood is aspirated into a collection container and is reinfused by gravity to the patient after a filtration process.
 

FEATURES
The main features of the EATSET are as follows:

Rapid recovery of blood from internal heamorrhage.


Simple to use: can be totally manually operated.


Closed system: no risk of infection transmission.
Cost effective. Main container can be re-used after sterilisation.
Only filters and tubing lines are discarded after use.
Can be manually operated

Low vacuum

Minimal trauma to red blood cells

Dr. (Mrs.) GN ELMO
Pilot Plant Project Dept.
Raw Material Research &
Development Council,
Lagos.


Medical practice being an essential component of our health delivery program, has profound influence over the effectiveness of our health policies and the attainment of economic and social development.


High prices of medical equipment/reagent/drugs needed for effective medical practice is the major constraint to the development of medical practice in Nigeria.

Thus, with our limited foreign exchange earnings, the sourcing of local materials towards medical manufacturing becomes a cardinal objective of the import dependent Nigerian Manufacturing industry. Unlike other industries, the medical industry is a specialized one requiring a wide range of complex materials used as active ingredients and excipients. Nigeria is blessed with a high level of natural and human resources.

A quick review of medical equipment revealed that essentially, they are mostly plastic, rubber steel, glass, cotton and iron which are abundant in Nigeria. The Raw Material Research and Development Council in pursuance of relying less on imported materials embarked on the national R & D involving also design and fabrication of machinery. Also R & D work has been carried out in the area of drugs and pharmaceutical ingredients. Details will be discussed at the seminar.


Dr. S.I. LAGUDA
Chief Consultant in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Dr. R.A.O SHOTOMIWA
Consultant in Obstetrics and
Gynaecology


Ectopic pregnancy remains a major cause of massive obstetric haemorrhage in early pregnancy with an increased risk of maternal mortality.

In 1993, there were 113 surgically treated ectopic pregnancies giving an institutional figure of 0.03 per maternity out of which there were 3 maternal deaths. The vast majority of the patients presented late with acute collapse due to massive intra-peritoneal haemorrhage from ruptured ectopic pregnancy.

As soon as the diagnosis was made resuscitative measures were commenced and surgical treatment carried out but delay due to lack of compatible banked blood amongst other factors do occur.

The average blood loss was 2750mls.. Auto transfusion aws not carried out and tarnsfusion of an average of 3 pints of compatible blood was usual.


Mr. Claude Fell
Medical Technologist / International
Consultant, EATSET, Switzerland


Auto-transfusion is an established technique for salvaging patient’s blood. It is widely used in the western world for elective surgery in period postoperative interventions. The technology is generally based on sophisticated equipment using centrifugation, allowing haemoconcentration and cell washing. Nevertheless a much simpler and more affordable device is missing for emergency situations, especially in developed countries.


This paper presents a new simple device offering an answer to this problem. Aimed at emergency autotransfusion , it allows to recover blood from patients having internal hemorrhage. The system is entirely closed and composed of a reusable collection device holding a disposal filter, with suction and retransfusion lines connected. Blood suction from body cavities is performed through a hand held vacuum pump. Its ability to function without electrical power makes it a system of choice in regions where energy distribution is lacking or unreliable.

The primary application of this device will be for cases with internal bleeding as found in accident victims, women with ectopic pregnancies, aneurysmal ruptures, trauma leading to the collection of blood in body activities. Easy to operate, its modular configuration establishes the platform for a new generation of simple blood salvage devices.

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